HIV AND AIDS IN EAST AND SOUTHERN AFRICA REGIONAL OVERVIEW
East and Southern Africa is the region most affected by HIV in the world and is home to the largest number of people living with HIV.
The HIV epidemic in this region is generalised but young women, men who have sex with men, transgender people, sex workers, prisoners and people who inject drugs are at an increased vulnerability to infection.
Improved availability of provider-initiated and community-based HIV testing services now means three out of four people living with HIV are aware of their status.
The number of people living with HIV in East and Southern Africa continues to increase, but access to antiretroviral treatment is increasing as well.
Although laws and cultural traditions vary between Eastern and Southern African countries, there are a number of ingrained cultural, structural and legal barriers that act as barriers to HIV prevention.
Explore this page to find out more about populations most affected by HIV, testing and counselling programmes, prevention programmes, antiretroviral treatment, civil society’s role, HIV and TB, barriers to HIV prevention, funding, and the future of HIV and AIDS in East and Southern Africa.